Test Cricket: The Test match played between Australia and England on 15 March 1877 was the first Test match in the world.
Melbourne: On this day, Test cricket, which is fighting the fight with the strength of its existence, started 143 years ago. On 15 March 1877, the world’s first test match was played between Australia and England. This match has the status of the first official test match.
In this Test match held in Melbourne, England was captained by James Lillywhite. The Australian team was captained by Dave Gregory. In this match, Australia won the toss and batted first and opener Charles Bannerman played a brilliant 165-run innings and became the first batsman in the world to score a century in Test cricket.
In the first innings, no batsman other than Bannerman could score more than 20 runs for Australia. Australia scored 245 runs in the first innings.
In response, the England team was dismissed for only 196 runs. For England, opener Harry Joop scored 63 runs, Harry Charlwood 36 runs, Alan Hill scored 35 runs.
Australia’s second innings was very bad, the whole team was reduced to only 104 runs. Only Tom Harron could score the maximum 20 runs. In the second innings, England got a target of 154 runs to win, but the England team could not achieve this target and was dismissed for 108 in the second innings and Australia won this historic Test match by 45 runs.
The result of this match was released on the fourth day. At that time a day of rest was kept. In this way, the result of the match came in favor of Australia on March 19 after a rest day on 18 March.
In this match, England’s James Southerton was the oldest drawer to debut Test cricket. He played the first Test match at the age of 49 years and 119 days. This record has not been broken to date.
At the same time, Charles Bannerman was the player who played the first ball of the Test match and also the player who scored the first Test century. He scored 69.6 percent of the matches for his team which is still a record.